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Government Regulations & Policies

Raspberry Reduction: Spain Plans Sharp Cut in Cultivation Area 



Raspberry Reduction |


In a strategic agricultural move, Spain is set to dramatically slash the cultivation area dedicated to raspberry. This Raspberry reduction, as revealed by the analysts in the primary berry-producing province of Spain. It is anticipated to reach 21.5%, making it the most significant contraction among all berry crops in the region. This decision comes after various factors, with Storm Bernard emerging as a prominent catalyst. 

Storm Bernard, which had a profound and adverse impact on raspberry plantations. It is cited by industry representatives as the main driver behind this bold move. Previous reporters have underscored the repercussions of this storm. Predicting a notable surge in berry prices for the upcoming 2023/24 season. 

Beyond the weather-related challenges, there are additional factors contributing to the contraction of the raspberry cultivation area. Notably, the berry has experienced remarkably low prices over the past two seasons, potentially influencing farmers’ reluctance to engage in raspberry cultivation. It is noteworthy that Spain, a global agricultural powerhouse, is not alone in this endeavor, as other raspberry-producing nations like Serbia, Poland, and Bosnia and Herzegovina are also expected to reduce their cultivation areas in 2024. 

Spain, renowned as the world’s leading exporter of fresh raspberries and blackberries, faces a pivotal moment as it adjusts its cultivation strategies. With an annual export revenue exceeding half a billion US dollars, Spain strategically capitalizes on its favorable climate and access to the expansive EU market. Despite recent challenges and the rise of competitors like Mexico in terms of export volumes, Spain remains the unrivaled global leader in the value of berry exports. This reduction in raspberry cultivation area signifies a nuanced strategy as Spain navigates the dynamics of the berry market, aiming to maintain its leadership position while adapting to evolving challenges and opportunities. 

Spain Raspberry Cultivation  

Spain’s history of raspberry cultivation is characterized by a journey of agricultural innovation and strategic positioning in the global market. While the cultivation of raspberries in Spain gained prominence in the latter half of the 20th century, it was during the late 20th and early 21st centuries that the country solidified its status as the world’s leading exporter of fresh raspberries and blackberries. 

The strategic advantage lies in Spain’s climate, particularly in regions like Huelva, the primary berry-producing province. The temperate climate allows for extended growing seasons, enabling Spain to capitalize on the European market. The nation’s raspberry cultivation began to flourish as farmers embraced advanced cultivation techniques and technology. 

Spain’s ascent to the forefront of global raspberry exports was marked by a keen understanding of market dynamics. The country strategically timed its berry exports, taking advantage of the climate to enter the market before colder European competitors and after others had exited. This timing, combined with a commitment to high-quality produce, contributed to Spain earning over half a billion US dollars annually from raspberry and blackberry exports. 

Over the years, Spain has faced challenges such as fluctuating prices and adverse weather events, as exemplified by the recent impact of Storm Bernard. Despite these challenges, Spain’s raspberry cultivation history is a testament to the nation’s resilience, adaptability, and continued leadership in the global berry market. 

Raspberry Reduction in Cultivation Area 

The recent decision by Spain to significantly reduce the cultivation area dedicated to raspberries marks a pivotal moment in the country’s agricultural landscape. The reduction, projected to be around 21.5%, is a response to a combination of factors, with the primary catalyst being the adverse effects of Storm Bernard on raspberry plantations. This strategic move is notable as raspberries hold a prominent position in Spain’s agricultural exports, with the country being the world’s largest exporter of fresh raspberries and blackberries. 

The consequences of Storm Bernard have been profound, impacting not only the current harvest but also influencing predictions of increased berry prices for the upcoming season. The storm’s destructive impact on raspberry plantations has led to a reassessment of cultivation strategies, prompting a deliberate reduction in cultivation area to mitigate potential risks. 

Beyond weather-related challenges, the decision also reflects economic considerations. Persistently low raspberry prices over the last two seasons have likely influenced this move, indicating that farmers may be responding to market dynamics and seeking more sustainable approaches to cultivation. 

As Spain navigates this reduction in raspberry cultivation area, it underscores the dynamic nature of the agricultural sector and the need for strategic adaptation to environmental and market conditions. The implications of this decision extend beyond national borders, impacting global raspberry markets and reinforcing the interconnectedness of agricultural practices in an increasingly complex and variable climate. 

Agricultural Strategy Towards Raspberry Reduction  

To reduce raspberry production costs and enhance overall agricultural efficiency, implementing a strategic approach is crucial. Here’s a concise list outlining key strategies: 

  1. Crop Rotation: Rotate raspberry crops with complementary plants to maintain soil fertility and reduce disease pressure. 
  1. Integrated Pest Management (IPM): Implement IPM practices to control pests, minimizing the reliance on chemical treatments. 
  1. Precision Farming: Utilize precision agriculture technologies for optimized resource use, reducing waste and improving yields. 
  1. Water Management: Implement efficient irrigation systems to conserve water and maintain optimal soil moisture levels. 
  1. Varietal Selection: Choose raspberry varieties adapted to local conditions, maximizing yield potential and minimizing input requirements. 
  1. Organic Fertilization: Utilize organic fertilizers to enhance soil fertility and promote sustainable nutrient management. 
  1. Mechanization: Invest in modern farming equipment to streamline labor-intensive tasks, improving productivity and reducing costs. 
  1. Market Diversification: Explore diverse markets to mitigate dependency on a single revenue stream, ensuring financial stability. 
  1. Education and Training: Provide farmers with ongoing education and training on the latest agricultural practices for continuous improvement. 
  1. Collaboration: Foster collaboration among farmers, researchers, and industry stakeholders to share knowledge and resources, promoting a collective approach to raspberry reduction strategies. 

By incorporating these strategies, the agricultural sector can effectively reduce raspberry production costs. While promoting sustainability and resilience in the long term. 


In conclusion, the outlined agricultural strategies present a holistic approach towards reducing raspberry production costs while fostering sustainability. By embracing practices such as crop rotation, integrated pest management, and precision farming. The farmers can optimize resource utilization, enhance yields, and mitigate environmental impact. Varietal selection and organic fertilization contribute to the resilience of raspberry cultivation, adapting to local conditions and promoting soil health. Mechanization and water management further streamline operations, reducing labor costs and conserving vital resources. Market diversification ensures economic stability, while ongoing education and collaboration within the farming community foster continuous improvement. This comprehensive strategy not only addresses immediate cost concerns. But also lays the foundation for a resilient and sustainable future in raspberry cultivation. Through the collective adoption of these practices, the agricultural sector can navigate challenges effectively. By ensuring the long-term viability and success of raspberry production. 

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Government Regulations & Policies

Sri Lankan Pineapples Granted China Market Access 

Discover how Sri Lankan pineapples have been granted access to the China market. Explore the impact this will have on Sri Lanka’s pineapple industry. 



Sri Lankan pineapples |


Sri Lankan pineapples have recently been granted access to the lucrative Chinese market, opening up new opportunities for the country’s agricultural sector and potentially transforming the pineapple industry. This significant milestone is the result of concerted efforts by Sri Lankan authorities and agricultural experts to meet China’s stringent import requirements, ensuring that Sri Lankan pineapples meet high standards of quality and safety. 

This new market access could have a profound impact on Sri Lanka’s economy, particularly for local pineapple farmers and exporters. China is one of the largest and fastest-growing consumer markets in the world, with a rapidly increasing demand for fresh produce. By entering this market, Sri Lanka can tap into a vast pool of potential customers, driving growth in its pineapple industry. 

The benefits are likely to extend beyond the immediate financial gains. Access to the Chinese market can encourage Sri Lankan farmers to adopt more sustainable and innovative farming practices, enhancing the quality of their produce and aligning with international standards. Furthermore, it may foster stronger trade relations between Sri Lanka and China, creating pathways for other agricultural products to gain similar access. 

Sri Lankan Pineapples Granted China Market Access 

The China General Administration of Customs released a notification on April 1st, detailing the phytosanitary conditions for bringing in fresh pineapples from Sri Lanka. China has approved the sale of pineapples, the second product from Sri Lanka to enter the market after bananas in 2015. 

The Mauritius (“Queen”) pineapple is the most popular type in Sri Lanka. This fruit, which is perfect for eating fresh due to its rich perfume and sweet taste, is renowned for its conical shape, spiky leaves, and bright yellow flesh. 

Even though there are more than 100 varieties of edible fruits in Sri Lanka, the country’s agricultural industry is underdeveloped, which leads to large post-harvest losses, low yields, and a failure to reach international quality requirements. China authorized the import of Sri Lankan bananas over ten years ago, but actual shipments are still essentially nonexistent. 

Sri Lankan Pineapples Industry

The South-South Cooperation program of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization began a new initiative in Sri Lanka in May 2023, with a $1.5 million budget. The project is to raise fruit quality, boost fruit value chains’ production and commercialization, and raise the industry’s market value in Sri Lanka. The initiative, which will be carried out over a period of 2.5 years in five districts of Sri Lanka, will concentrate on increasing the yield, production, and commercialization of three significant local fruit crops: pineapples, mangoes, and bananas.  

In accordance with the phytosanitary protocol, orchards planning to export fresh pineapples to China must put in place integrated pest management techniques, good agricultural practices, and a thorough quality management and traceability system overseen by Sri Lanka. To packaging, it is necessary to employ techniques like hand sorting, screening, scrubbing, or high-pressure water jet cleaning to guarantee that the fruits and crowns are free of any possible contaminants, including soil, grass seeds, plant leftovers, insects, mites, and snails.  

Sri Lankan officials must sample every shipment and inspect at least 2% of each batch for the first two years following the start of commerce. One possible option is to lower the sampling proportion to 1% if no phytosanitary issues emerge throughout the two-year timeframe. However, the entire batch might not be shipped to China if any quarantine pests of concern are found. Furthermore, for the balance of the export season, pineapple exports to China from the relevant plantations and packing facilities may be prohibited, contingent on the circumstances. Authorities in Sri Lanka must also work to determine the root causes and implement appropriate solutions, keep accurate records, and provide them to Chinese authorities upon request. 


The recent approval for Sri Lankan pineapples to enter the Chinese market marks a significant step in strengthening the country’s position in international trade. This move is expected to bring substantial benefits to the Sri Lankan pineapple industry, including access to a vast customer base and increased revenue opportunities for local farmers and exporters. However, achieving success in this new market requires ongoing commitment to quality, safety, and adherence to China’s strict phytosanitary requirements. 

Sri Lankan authorities and industry stakeholders must collaborate to ensure that pineapple producers meet the necessary standards, from orchard practices to packaging and shipping protocols. The focus on integrated pest management, good agricultural practices, and traceability systems will help maintain the quality of the produce and prevent potential phytosanitary issues. Additionally, Sri Lankan officials must rigorously inspect shipments to minimize risks and ensure compliance with Chinese regulations. 

While the challenges are considerable, the potential for growth in the Sri Lankan pineapple industry is immense. Access to the Chinese market may drive innovation in farming practices, boost production, and foster further international trade partnerships. Moreover, the success of this initiative could pave the way for other Sri Lankan fruits to gain market access, contributing to the overall growth of the country’s agricultural sector. 

In summary, the approval for Sri Lankan pineapples to enter the Chinese market is a promising development that holds the potential to transform the pineapple industry and stimulate broader economic growth in Sri Lanka. Success will depend on a coordinated effort to meet China’s requirements and capitalize on this valuable opportunity. 

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Government Regulations & Policies

Onion Prices in Uzbekistan Hit Historic Lows 

Discover the reasons behind the historic low onion prices in Uzbekistan. Explore the factors contributing to this significant price drop in the onion market. 



Onion Prices in Uzbekistan |


The onion market in Uzbekistan is experiencing a remarkable downturn, with prices reaching historic lows. This trend has drawn the attention of farmers, traders, and consumers, as it significantly impacts the agricultural landscape and the wider economy. The steep decline in onion prices can be attributed to several factors, including an oversupply of onions, changing market dynamics, and external influences on global trade. 

Uzbekistan’s agricultural sector has seen an increase in onion production in recent years, driven by government incentives and modernization of farming practices. As a result, the domestic market has become saturated, leading to a surplus of onions. This oversupply has naturally driven prices down, as farmers and wholesalers seek to move their produce quickly to avoid spoilage and loss. 

Another contributing factor is the shifting patterns of global trade. As countries adjust their import and export policies, Uzbekistan’s position in the onion market has been affected. International demand for onions may have diminished, leaving more produce for the domestic market, further driving down prices.  

Additionally, weather conditions and transportation disruptions can also play a role in influencing the market. By understanding these key factors, one can better appreciate the complexities and challenges facing Uzbekistan’s onion market. 

Onion Prices in Uzbekistan Hit Historic Lows  

Uzbekistan onion prices have recently plummeted to historic lows, causing concern among farmers and traders. This dramatic price drop results from a confluence of factors impacting the nation’s onion market and broader agricultural sector. 

The primary reason for this price slump is the oversupply of onions. With government incentives boosting agricultural output, many Uzbek farmers have increased their onion production, leading to a surplus. As the market becomes saturated, prices fall, impacting farmers’ livelihoods and profitability.  

Another significant factor is the changing dynamics in global trade. Export markets, which traditionally absorbed a portion of Uzbekistan’s onion production, have shifted due to import restrictions and altered demand patterns. This has left more onions in the domestic market, creating a downward pressure on prices. 

Additionally, external factors such as transportation disruptions and unpredictable weather have affected the distribution and quality of onions, contributing to the excess supply. These factors have collectively pushed Uzbekistan onion prices to unprecedented lows, raising concerns about the sustainability of current agricultural practices and the economic impact on farmers. 

By examining these elements, we can understand the challenges facing Uzbekistan’s onion industry and consider potential strategies for stabilizing prices and supporting farmers in the long term. 


The recent price drop in the Uzbek onion market has sent ripples through the agricultural community, highlighting both challenges and opportunities. The oversupply of onions, changes in global trade dynamics, and external factors like weather and transportation disruptions have converged, resulting in historic lows for Uzbekistan onion prices. 

This price drop, while alarming for farmers and traders, offers a chance to reassess current agricultural practices. Addressing the surplus issue may require a shift in production strategies, such as diversifying crops, improving storage facilities to extend shelf life, or developing new export markets to balance the supply-demand equation.  

The Uzbek government and agricultural stakeholders could collaborate on initiatives that support farmers through this downturn. This might involve offering financial assistance, providing training on sustainable farming practices, or facilitating new trade partnerships to boost onion exports. Furthermore, improving transportation infrastructure could reduce disruptions, ensuring a more stable supply chain. 

While the immediate effects of the price drop are challenging, they can serve as a catalyst for positive change within the industry. By adopting innovative approaches and reinforcing the agricultural ecosystem, Uzbekistan can navigate through this period of low onion prices and build a more resilient and diversified agricultural sector for the future. 

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Government Regulations & Policies

Pomelo Diplomacy: Strengthening Trade Relations Through Fruit 

Learn how the popularity of pomelo, a favorite Thai fruit, has contributed to advancing trade relations between Thailand and the US. Explore the intersection of diplomacy and agriculture.



Pomelo |


The intersection of diplomacy and agriculture often manifests in unexpected ways, one such example being the phenomenon of “Pomelo Diplomacy” between Thailand and the United States. Pomelo, a citrus fruit native to Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand, has emerged as not just a culinary delight but also a catalyst for strengthening trade relations between these two nations.  

The popularity of pomelo has soared globally, with the United States emerging as a significant importer of this Thai delicacy. This surge in demand has created a unique opportunity for both countries to engage in fruitful trade partnerships. Thailand, as a major producer of pomelo, has leveraged its agricultural prowess to enhance diplomatic ties with the US. Through the exchange of this delectable fruit, the two nations have fostered economic cooperation and cultural exchange. 

Furthermore, pomelo diplomacy underscores the significance of agricultural products as soft power tools in international relations. By showcasing the quality and diversity of its agricultural products, Thailand has effectively engaged in economic diplomacy, promoting its image as a reliable trade partner and enhancing its global influence. This symbiotic relationship between pomelo trade and diplomacy exemplifies how something as seemingly simple as a fruit can serve as a conduit for deeper international engagement and cooperation. 


The pomelo, often referred to as the “Thai fruit,” has its origins deeply rooted in Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand. Believed to have originated in Malaysia, the pomelo has been cultivated in Thailand for centuries, becoming an integral part of the country’s culinary and cultural heritage.  

Thailand’s favorable climate and fertile soil provide ideal conditions for pomelo cultivation, allowing the fruit to thrive and become a staple in both local markets and international trade. Today, Thailand remains one of the world’s leading producers of pomelo, exporting its renowned fruit to markets across the globe. 

Pomelo Impact on Trade Relations  

The popularity of pomelo has significantly impacted trade relations between Thailand and the United States, serving as a symbol of the deepening diplomatic ties between the two nations.  

As demand for this Thai fruit continues to rise in the US market, bilateral trade between Thailand and the US has flourished, creating economic opportunities and fostering mutual prosperity. The exchange of pomelo has not only facilitated commercial transactions but has also strengthened diplomatic relations, as both countries recognize the value of agricultural trade in promoting mutual understanding and cooperation. 

Moreover, the increasing trade in pomelo has provided a platform for dialogue and collaboration on broader issues of mutual interest, beyond just agricultural trade. Through shared economic interests, Thailand and the US have been able to forge stronger diplomatic ties, enhancing collaboration in areas such as security, technology, and cultural exchange.  

Pomelo diplomacy, therefore, represents more than just the exchange of fruit—it symbolizes the interconnectedness of economies and the potential for agricultural products to serve as catalysts for deeper diplomatic engagement and collaboration on a global scale. 


In conclusion, the concept of “Pomelo Diplomacy” highlights the profound impact that agricultural products, such as the Thai fruit pomelo, can have on international relations and trade dynamics. Through the exchange of this delectable fruit, Thailand and the United States have not only strengthened their economic ties but also deepened their diplomatic relations. The growing demand for pomelo in the US market has created a mutually beneficial trade partnership, enhanced commercial transactions and fostered mutual prosperity. 

Furthermore, pomelo diplomacy underscores the importance of soft power in modern diplomacy, as agricultural products serve as potent symbols of a country’s cultural heritage and economic vitality. By leveraging the popularity of pomelo, Thailand has effectively showcased its agricultural prowess and positioned itself as a reliable trade partner and cultural ambassador on the global stage. 

Looking ahead, the success of pomelo diplomacy sets a promising precedent for future agricultural trade initiatives and diplomatic engagements between nations. As countries continue to seek innovative ways to strengthen their diplomatic ties and promote economic cooperation, the role of agricultural products as conduits for international engagement will undoubtedly become increasingly significant. Thus, pomelo diplomacy not only exemplifies the intersection of diplomacy and agriculture but also serves as a compelling testament to the power of food to unite nations and advance mutual interests on the world stage. 

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