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Government Regulations & Policies

Polish Apples Become Pricier: Weekly Escalation Raises Concerns 



Polish Apples |


Aleksandra Pawlica, in charge of sales for Polish apple exporter Refal, reports a surge in global demand for Polish apples. The new season, commencing in September, marks the completion of apple harvesting, with a focus on sales and expanding collaborations. Pawlica notes heightened interest from countries such as Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Colombia, India, and Bangladesh. Refal’s primary export markets include Spain, France, Greece, and Hungary, with aspirations to collaborate with Colombia. Diverse markets exhibit preferences for specific apple varieties; the Far East leans towards Red Delicious and Gala, while southern destinations like Egypt and Jordan favor Golden, Red Delicious, Gala, and Idared. 

Pawlica acknowledges favorable prices, citing global trends of reduced apple availability and increased demand for apple concentrate, anticipating gradual price increases. While optimistic about continued growth, she acknowledges the unpredictability of the global economic landscape. Pawlica extends well-wishes for a successful season to buyers and sellers, emphasizing the desire for stable conditions to foster ongoing sales and new business relationships. In conclusion, she invites potential collaborators to reach out to Refal, expressing hope for a prosperous and secure continuation of business activities. 

Polish Apples 

Polish apples have emerged as sought-after commodities on the global stage, with growing recognition for their quality and flavor. According to Aleksandra Pawlica, overseeing sales for the Polish apple exporter Refal, the recent season kickstarted in September with the completion of apple harvesting. The demand for Polish apples has been notably on the rise, attracting interest from diverse markets worldwide, including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Colombia, India, and Bangladesh. 

Refal strategically tailors its exports to cater to the preferences of various markets. Major destinations include Spain, France, Greece, and Hungary, while aspirations to establish collaborations with Colombia are in the pipeline. Each market exhibits distinct preferences for specific apple varieties, showcasing the versatility of Polish apples in meeting diverse consumer demands. 

Despite the positive market trends, Pawlica remains mindful of the dynamic nature of the global economy. While current prices are favorable, she emphasizes the need for ongoing vigilance, considering the unpredictability that characterizes the economic landscape. The hope is for continued growth in both demand and prices throughout the season. In a gesture of goodwill, Pawlica extends her best wishes to both buyers and sellers for a prosperous season, highlighting the importance of stability for sustaining business relationships. For those interested in partnering with Refal, the invitation is open, embodying the collaborative spirit that underlies the success of Polish apples in international markets. 

Polish Apples Price Increase 

Polish apples are witnessing a notable surge in demand, translating into a positive trajectory for prices in the market. Aleksandra Pawlica, responsible for sales at the Polish apple exporter Refal, indicates that the new season, which commenced in September, has seen the completion of apple harvesting. The heightened interest in Polish apples is reflected in increased demand from countries such as Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Colombia, India, and Bangladesh. 

Refal strategically navigates this demand by tailoring exports to meet the specific preferences of diverse markets. Major export destinations include Spain, France, Greece, and Hungary, with aspirations to forge collaborations with Colombia. The Far East, particularly interested in Red Delicious and Gala varieties, contributes to the upward momentum in demand and prices. 

Pawlica acknowledges the current favorable pricing trends, attributing them to a global scenario where there are fewer apples available, and a growing demand for apple concentrate. The anticipation is that these factors will lead to a gradual increase in prices, a trend already observable in the market. Despite the optimistic outlook, Pawlica remains mindful of the volatile nature of the global economic landscape, emphasizing the need for ongoing vigilance. This period of price growth presents both opportunities and challenges, and stakeholders in the Polish apple industry are closely monitoring the situation to navigate the complexities of the market effectively. 

Polish Apples Weekly Escalation 

Polish apples are experiencing a weekly escalation in demand and prices, signaling a positive trend for the industry. Aleksandra Pawlica, overseeing sales at Refal, the Polish apple exporter, notes that the recent season, kicking off in September, has seen the successful completion of apple harvesting. The surge in demand is particularly noteworthy, with countries such as Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Colombia, India, and Bangladesh expressing heightened interest in Polish apples. 

Refal strategically adapts to these market dynamics, tailoring exports to meet the distinct preferences of various regions. Major markets, including Spain, France, Greece, and Hungary, continue to contribute to the overall positive trajectory. The Far East’s preference for Red Delicious and Gala varieties is a key factor in the weekly escalation of demand and prices. This consistent upward movement is a testament to the global recognition and desirability of Polish apples in diverse markets. Stakeholders are cautiously optimistic, navigating the evolving landscape to ensure sustained growth and profitability in this dynamic industry. 


In conclusion, the weekly escalation in demand and prices for Polish apples reflects a promising trajectory for the industry. Aleksandra Pawlica’s insights from Refal, the Polish apple exporter, highlight the success of the recent season and the growing recognition of Polish apples globally. The strategic approach to tailoring exports to meet diverse market preferences, coupled with increased interest from countries like Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Colombia, India, and Bangladesh, underscores the versatility and desirability of Polish apples. The Far East’s specific preferences contribute significantly to the ongoing surge in demand and prices. 

While the current positive trends are encouraging, Pawlica’s acknowledgment of the volatile global economic landscape remains a reminder of the need for ongoing vigilance. Stakeholders are cautiously optimistic, navigating the complexities of the market to ensure sustained growth and profitability. The resilience and adaptability displayed by the Polish apple industry position it well for continued success in the ever-evolving global market. 

Government Regulations & Policies

Sri Lankan Pineapples Granted China Market Access 

Discover how Sri Lankan pineapples have been granted access to the China market. Explore the impact this will have on Sri Lanka’s pineapple industry. 



Sri Lankan pineapples |


Sri Lankan pineapples have recently been granted access to the lucrative Chinese market, opening up new opportunities for the country’s agricultural sector and potentially transforming the pineapple industry. This significant milestone is the result of concerted efforts by Sri Lankan authorities and agricultural experts to meet China’s stringent import requirements, ensuring that Sri Lankan pineapples meet high standards of quality and safety. 

This new market access could have a profound impact on Sri Lanka’s economy, particularly for local pineapple farmers and exporters. China is one of the largest and fastest-growing consumer markets in the world, with a rapidly increasing demand for fresh produce. By entering this market, Sri Lanka can tap into a vast pool of potential customers, driving growth in its pineapple industry. 

The benefits are likely to extend beyond the immediate financial gains. Access to the Chinese market can encourage Sri Lankan farmers to adopt more sustainable and innovative farming practices, enhancing the quality of their produce and aligning with international standards. Furthermore, it may foster stronger trade relations between Sri Lanka and China, creating pathways for other agricultural products to gain similar access. 

Sri Lankan Pineapples Granted China Market Access 

The China General Administration of Customs released a notification on April 1st, detailing the phytosanitary conditions for bringing in fresh pineapples from Sri Lanka. China has approved the sale of pineapples, the second product from Sri Lanka to enter the market after bananas in 2015. 

The Mauritius (“Queen”) pineapple is the most popular type in Sri Lanka. This fruit, which is perfect for eating fresh due to its rich perfume and sweet taste, is renowned for its conical shape, spiky leaves, and bright yellow flesh. 

Even though there are more than 100 varieties of edible fruits in Sri Lanka, the country’s agricultural industry is underdeveloped, which leads to large post-harvest losses, low yields, and a failure to reach international quality requirements. China authorized the import of Sri Lankan bananas over ten years ago, but actual shipments are still essentially nonexistent. 

Sri Lankan Pineapples Industry

The South-South Cooperation program of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization began a new initiative in Sri Lanka in May 2023, with a $1.5 million budget. The project is to raise fruit quality, boost fruit value chains’ production and commercialization, and raise the industry’s market value in Sri Lanka. The initiative, which will be carried out over a period of 2.5 years in five districts of Sri Lanka, will concentrate on increasing the yield, production, and commercialization of three significant local fruit crops: pineapples, mangoes, and bananas.  

In accordance with the phytosanitary protocol, orchards planning to export fresh pineapples to China must put in place integrated pest management techniques, good agricultural practices, and a thorough quality management and traceability system overseen by Sri Lanka. To packaging, it is necessary to employ techniques like hand sorting, screening, scrubbing, or high-pressure water jet cleaning to guarantee that the fruits and crowns are free of any possible contaminants, including soil, grass seeds, plant leftovers, insects, mites, and snails.  

Sri Lankan officials must sample every shipment and inspect at least 2% of each batch for the first two years following the start of commerce. One possible option is to lower the sampling proportion to 1% if no phytosanitary issues emerge throughout the two-year timeframe. However, the entire batch might not be shipped to China if any quarantine pests of concern are found. Furthermore, for the balance of the export season, pineapple exports to China from the relevant plantations and packing facilities may be prohibited, contingent on the circumstances. Authorities in Sri Lanka must also work to determine the root causes and implement appropriate solutions, keep accurate records, and provide them to Chinese authorities upon request. 


The recent approval for Sri Lankan pineapples to enter the Chinese market marks a significant step in strengthening the country’s position in international trade. This move is expected to bring substantial benefits to the Sri Lankan pineapple industry, including access to a vast customer base and increased revenue opportunities for local farmers and exporters. However, achieving success in this new market requires ongoing commitment to quality, safety, and adherence to China’s strict phytosanitary requirements. 

Sri Lankan authorities and industry stakeholders must collaborate to ensure that pineapple producers meet the necessary standards, from orchard practices to packaging and shipping protocols. The focus on integrated pest management, good agricultural practices, and traceability systems will help maintain the quality of the produce and prevent potential phytosanitary issues. Additionally, Sri Lankan officials must rigorously inspect shipments to minimize risks and ensure compliance with Chinese regulations. 

While the challenges are considerable, the potential for growth in the Sri Lankan pineapple industry is immense. Access to the Chinese market may drive innovation in farming practices, boost production, and foster further international trade partnerships. Moreover, the success of this initiative could pave the way for other Sri Lankan fruits to gain market access, contributing to the overall growth of the country’s agricultural sector. 

In summary, the approval for Sri Lankan pineapples to enter the Chinese market is a promising development that holds the potential to transform the pineapple industry and stimulate broader economic growth in Sri Lanka. Success will depend on a coordinated effort to meet China’s requirements and capitalize on this valuable opportunity. 

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Government Regulations & Policies

Onion Prices in Uzbekistan Hit Historic Lows 

Discover the reasons behind the historic low onion prices in Uzbekistan. Explore the factors contributing to this significant price drop in the onion market. 



Onion Prices in Uzbekistan |


The onion market in Uzbekistan is experiencing a remarkable downturn, with prices reaching historic lows. This trend has drawn the attention of farmers, traders, and consumers, as it significantly impacts the agricultural landscape and the wider economy. The steep decline in onion prices can be attributed to several factors, including an oversupply of onions, changing market dynamics, and external influences on global trade. 

Uzbekistan’s agricultural sector has seen an increase in onion production in recent years, driven by government incentives and modernization of farming practices. As a result, the domestic market has become saturated, leading to a surplus of onions. This oversupply has naturally driven prices down, as farmers and wholesalers seek to move their produce quickly to avoid spoilage and loss. 

Another contributing factor is the shifting patterns of global trade. As countries adjust their import and export policies, Uzbekistan’s position in the onion market has been affected. International demand for onions may have diminished, leaving more produce for the domestic market, further driving down prices.  

Additionally, weather conditions and transportation disruptions can also play a role in influencing the market. By understanding these key factors, one can better appreciate the complexities and challenges facing Uzbekistan’s onion market. 

Onion Prices in Uzbekistan Hit Historic Lows  

Uzbekistan onion prices have recently plummeted to historic lows, causing concern among farmers and traders. This dramatic price drop results from a confluence of factors impacting the nation’s onion market and broader agricultural sector. 

The primary reason for this price slump is the oversupply of onions. With government incentives boosting agricultural output, many Uzbek farmers have increased their onion production, leading to a surplus. As the market becomes saturated, prices fall, impacting farmers’ livelihoods and profitability.  

Another significant factor is the changing dynamics in global trade. Export markets, which traditionally absorbed a portion of Uzbekistan’s onion production, have shifted due to import restrictions and altered demand patterns. This has left more onions in the domestic market, creating a downward pressure on prices. 

Additionally, external factors such as transportation disruptions and unpredictable weather have affected the distribution and quality of onions, contributing to the excess supply. These factors have collectively pushed Uzbekistan onion prices to unprecedented lows, raising concerns about the sustainability of current agricultural practices and the economic impact on farmers. 

By examining these elements, we can understand the challenges facing Uzbekistan’s onion industry and consider potential strategies for stabilizing prices and supporting farmers in the long term. 


The recent price drop in the Uzbek onion market has sent ripples through the agricultural community, highlighting both challenges and opportunities. The oversupply of onions, changes in global trade dynamics, and external factors like weather and transportation disruptions have converged, resulting in historic lows for Uzbekistan onion prices. 

This price drop, while alarming for farmers and traders, offers a chance to reassess current agricultural practices. Addressing the surplus issue may require a shift in production strategies, such as diversifying crops, improving storage facilities to extend shelf life, or developing new export markets to balance the supply-demand equation.  

The Uzbek government and agricultural stakeholders could collaborate on initiatives that support farmers through this downturn. This might involve offering financial assistance, providing training on sustainable farming practices, or facilitating new trade partnerships to boost onion exports. Furthermore, improving transportation infrastructure could reduce disruptions, ensuring a more stable supply chain. 

While the immediate effects of the price drop are challenging, they can serve as a catalyst for positive change within the industry. By adopting innovative approaches and reinforcing the agricultural ecosystem, Uzbekistan can navigate through this period of low onion prices and build a more resilient and diversified agricultural sector for the future. 

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Government Regulations & Policies

Pomelo Diplomacy: Strengthening Trade Relations Through Fruit 

Learn how the popularity of pomelo, a favorite Thai fruit, has contributed to advancing trade relations between Thailand and the US. Explore the intersection of diplomacy and agriculture.



Pomelo |


The intersection of diplomacy and agriculture often manifests in unexpected ways, one such example being the phenomenon of “Pomelo Diplomacy” between Thailand and the United States. Pomelo, a citrus fruit native to Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand, has emerged as not just a culinary delight but also a catalyst for strengthening trade relations between these two nations.  

The popularity of pomelo has soared globally, with the United States emerging as a significant importer of this Thai delicacy. This surge in demand has created a unique opportunity for both countries to engage in fruitful trade partnerships. Thailand, as a major producer of pomelo, has leveraged its agricultural prowess to enhance diplomatic ties with the US. Through the exchange of this delectable fruit, the two nations have fostered economic cooperation and cultural exchange. 

Furthermore, pomelo diplomacy underscores the significance of agricultural products as soft power tools in international relations. By showcasing the quality and diversity of its agricultural products, Thailand has effectively engaged in economic diplomacy, promoting its image as a reliable trade partner and enhancing its global influence. This symbiotic relationship between pomelo trade and diplomacy exemplifies how something as seemingly simple as a fruit can serve as a conduit for deeper international engagement and cooperation. 


The pomelo, often referred to as the “Thai fruit,” has its origins deeply rooted in Southeast Asia, particularly Thailand. Believed to have originated in Malaysia, the pomelo has been cultivated in Thailand for centuries, becoming an integral part of the country’s culinary and cultural heritage.  

Thailand’s favorable climate and fertile soil provide ideal conditions for pomelo cultivation, allowing the fruit to thrive and become a staple in both local markets and international trade. Today, Thailand remains one of the world’s leading producers of pomelo, exporting its renowned fruit to markets across the globe. 

Pomelo Impact on Trade Relations  

The popularity of pomelo has significantly impacted trade relations between Thailand and the United States, serving as a symbol of the deepening diplomatic ties between the two nations.  

As demand for this Thai fruit continues to rise in the US market, bilateral trade between Thailand and the US has flourished, creating economic opportunities and fostering mutual prosperity. The exchange of pomelo has not only facilitated commercial transactions but has also strengthened diplomatic relations, as both countries recognize the value of agricultural trade in promoting mutual understanding and cooperation. 

Moreover, the increasing trade in pomelo has provided a platform for dialogue and collaboration on broader issues of mutual interest, beyond just agricultural trade. Through shared economic interests, Thailand and the US have been able to forge stronger diplomatic ties, enhancing collaboration in areas such as security, technology, and cultural exchange.  

Pomelo diplomacy, therefore, represents more than just the exchange of fruit—it symbolizes the interconnectedness of economies and the potential for agricultural products to serve as catalysts for deeper diplomatic engagement and collaboration on a global scale. 


In conclusion, the concept of “Pomelo Diplomacy” highlights the profound impact that agricultural products, such as the Thai fruit pomelo, can have on international relations and trade dynamics. Through the exchange of this delectable fruit, Thailand and the United States have not only strengthened their economic ties but also deepened their diplomatic relations. The growing demand for pomelo in the US market has created a mutually beneficial trade partnership, enhanced commercial transactions and fostered mutual prosperity. 

Furthermore, pomelo diplomacy underscores the importance of soft power in modern diplomacy, as agricultural products serve as potent symbols of a country’s cultural heritage and economic vitality. By leveraging the popularity of pomelo, Thailand has effectively showcased its agricultural prowess and positioned itself as a reliable trade partner and cultural ambassador on the global stage. 

Looking ahead, the success of pomelo diplomacy sets a promising precedent for future agricultural trade initiatives and diplomatic engagements between nations. As countries continue to seek innovative ways to strengthen their diplomatic ties and promote economic cooperation, the role of agricultural products as conduits for international engagement will undoubtedly become increasingly significant. Thus, pomelo diplomacy not only exemplifies the intersection of diplomacy and agriculture but also serves as a compelling testament to the power of food to unite nations and advance mutual interests on the world stage. 

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