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International Trade & Commerce

Morocco’s Orange Export Dilemma: Nearing an Anti-Record 



Morocco's Orange |


Although Morocco is one of the world’s greatest producers of oranges, the country has considerably cut the amount of Morocco’s orange that it exports. There were just thirty thousand tons of oranges worth thirteen point seven million dollars that were exported from Morocco to other nations in the first eight months of 2023, according to the reports. When compared to this, local growers were successful in delivering 109 thousand tons of these citrus fruits to international markets over the same time period the previous year, resulting in an export revenue of 71 million dollars. 

Following Egypt and South Africa in terms of orange output, Morocco is the third largest country in Africa. On the other hand, in contrast to its neighbors on the continent, Morocco is planning, by the conclusion of the current season, to significantly cut back on the number of citrus fruits it ships abroad for several different reasons. The projections made in this analysis indicate that the quantity of oranges exported from Morocco during the 2022–2023 season will plummet to their lowest level in at least the previous eight years. 

Morocco’s Orange Export 

In 2017, Morocco exported over 160 thousand tons of oranges to overseas markets, marking the pinnacle of its exports of oranges to other countries. Since then, sales volumes have dropped practically yearly, to a minimum this year, and Morocco’s ranking among the world’s exporters has dropped from 11th in 2022 to 13th (based on data from January to August 2023) in the list. 

Unfavorable climatic conditions are the main cause of Morocco’s orange exports rapidly declining. The frequency and severity of drought episodes in Morocco are increasing due to climate change and water constraint, and the temperature is rising to dangerously high levels. 

For instance, an absolute temperature record was set in the nation in August of this year, despite local growers’ hopes that the high temperatures wouldn’t harm citrus fruits. However, unnatural heat had an impact on yields, which led to a decline in production and a reduction in harvesting areas. 

It should be mentioned that the decrease was not limited to Morocco; there was a negative tendency in the production of these citrus fruits worldwide. Natural calamities that major orange suppliers had to deal with, like drought in Spain and Italy, storms in the USA, and frosts in Turkey, had a detrimental impact on orange production. 

Data from publications indicates that the world’s largest exporter, Egypt, is anticipating to set a record for orange exports in the 2022–2023 season. Growth in orange exports is anticipating from South Africa, the world’s second-largest orange exporter, in addition to Egypt, since the country’s weather was similarly ideal. Egyptian oranges will therefore be able to capture market share from items that were formerly supplies by Morocco or Spain, thereby intensifying rivalry in the major international markets going forward. 

Related Articles: Read more about Morocco’s fruits and vegetables here.

Global Citrus Market 

The global citrus market stands as a vibrant and dynamic sector, integral to the agricultural economies of various regions around the world. Characterized by a diverse array of fruits such as oranges, lemons, limes, and grapefruits, the citrus market plays a crucial role in meeting the ever-growing demand for fresh and flavorful produce. 

Citrus cultivation spans continents, with major contributors including the United States, Spain, China, and Brazil. These countries leverage diverse climates to ensure year-round availability of citrus fruits, emphasizing the sector’s adaptability to different environmental conditions. The market’s dynamism is further underscore by its response to changing consumer preferences, where citrus fruits are not only cherish for their refreshing taste but also for their nutritional benefits

Health-conscious trends and the recognition of citrus fruits as rich sources of essential vitamins and antioxidants have fueled the market’s expansion. The global citrus industry has also witnessed technological advancements in cultivation practices, storage, and transportation, enabling efficient supply chain management and reducing post-harvest losses. 

Moreover, the citrus market is deeply entrench in international trade, with countries exporting and importing citrus products to meet diverse consumer demands. This intercontinental exchange fosters economic collaborations and establishes citrus as a global commodity. 

While the citrus market faces challenges such as weather-related uncertainties and the impact of pests and diseases, ongoing research and sustainable farming practices aim to address these concerns. As the world’s appetite for fresh, healthy produce continues to grow, the global citrus market remains a vital player, offering a harmonious blend of tradition, innovation, and interconnected agricultural economies. 

Morocco’s Orange Agricultural Export Challenges 

Morocco grapples with a significant downturn in orange production, presenting a formidable challenge to its agricultural export sector. This decline, rooted in climatic uncertainties such as irregular rainfall and temperature fluctuations, jeopardizes the nation’s historical position as a key contributor to the global citrus market. Environmental factors demand adaptive strategies, emphasizing the need for resilient agricultural practices to combat the impact of unpredictable weather patterns. 

Simultaneously, Morocco faces heightened competition in the global citrus market, requiring strategic economic realignment. Addressing issues related to production costs, transportation infrastructure, and market responsiveness becomes imperative to regain and sustain competitiveness. Innovative approaches, including investments in research and development, sustainable farming practices, and climate-resilient crop varieties, can mitigate the challenges posed by environmental uncertainties. 

Navigating this intricate landscape necessitates a holistic approach, balancing environmental sustainability with economic viability. Collaborations between the public and private sectors, coupled with strategic interventions informed by a comprehensive understanding of global market dynamics, are crucial to revitalizing Morocco’s standing in the global orange export landscape. 


In conclusion, Morocco’s challenge in the face of declining orange production underscores the intricate interplay between environmental factors and economic dynamics in the agricultural sector. The nation stands at a crucial juncture, where resilience to climate uncertainties is paramount to sustain its historical role in the global citrus market. Addressing these challenges requires a multifaceted approach, combining adaptive agricultural practices with strategic economic realignment. 

As Morocco navigates the complexities of its orange decline, a commitment to innovation and sustainability emerges as a linchpin for future success. Investing in research, fostering public-private collaborations, and embracing climate-resilient technologies can not only mitigate the immediate challenges but also position Morocco as a leader in responsible and competitive citrus production. 

The path forward demands a delicate balance between environmental stewardship and economic vitality. By embracing a holistic strategy, Morocco has the potential to not only overcome the current hurdles but also emerge as a resilient and innovative player in the global agricultural landscape. 

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International Trade & Commerce

Spanish Mango Season: What’s the Outlook? 

Find out if the Spanish mango season could start earlier this year and what factors might influence its timing. Explore how weather and market trends impact mango production. 



Spanish mango |


The Spanish mango season is a delightful time for fruit lovers. There’s nothing like a ripe, juicy mango, and Spain produces some of the best. This year, however, there’s talk that the season might kick off earlier than usual. Why? Well, there are several factors at play, and weather tops the list.  

Spain’s mild climate helps its mangoes grow big and sweet, but weather changes can affect when the fruit ripens. If it’s been a warm spring, mangoes might be ready earlier. But if there’s been too much rain or not enough sun, the season could be delayed. Apart from weather, market trends also play a role. A high demand for mangoes can encourage growers to start picking as soon as they’re ready. 

In this article by Fruits Auction BV, we’ll investigate the current weather patterns in Spain and how they’re likely to affect this year’s mango season. We’ll also explore market trends and what they mean for mango lovers. If you’re a fan of these delicious fruits or just curious about Spanish agriculture, you’re in the right place. Keep reading to find out if you should expect mangoes to hit the market sooner than later. Don’t forget to share this article with your fellow fruit enthusiasts! 

Spanish Mango Season  

The Spanish mango season typically starts in late August or early September. However, an early start is possible depending on a variety of factors. The climate in Spain’s mango-growing regions, like Andalusia and the Canary Islands, plays a significant role in determining when the season kicks off. If the spring has been particularly warm and sunny, mangoes might ripen earlier, leading to a quicker harvest. 

Another factor that could lead to an early start is market demand. With mangoes growing in popularity, both domestically and internationally, farmers might aim to get their produce to market sooner. This is especially true if they believe there’s a high demand for Spanish mangoes, which are known for their sweet flavor and excellent quality. 

The early start to the season has its advantages, allowing consumers to enjoy fresh mangoes sooner. However, it can also bring challenges for farmers, who need to ensure the fruit is ripe and ready for picking. If you’re wondering when to expect the first Spanish mangoes of the year, keep an eye on weather reports and market trends. They can give you a good idea of whether you’ll be enjoying your favorite fruit a little earlier than usual. 

Spanish Mango Production 

The Spanish mango production this year is experiencing shifts due to significant weather impact. Warm temperatures and sunny days in the early spring have encouraged faster growth, suggesting a potentially higher yield and an earlier harvest. However, this kind of weather can be a double-edged sword. While it can lead to larger and sweeter mangoes, it can also cause stress to the trees, especially if it’s accompanied by a lack of rainfall. 

On the other hand, unexpected weather patterns, like late spring frosts or heavy rainfall, could have disrupted the usual growing season, impacting both the quality and quantity of the mangoes. If the weather conditions continue to be favorable, you can expect a robust crop, but if adverse weather persists, growers might face challenges. 

Spanish mango production seems poised for a good year, but it’s essential to stay updated on the weather’s impact as the season progresses. Keep an eye on local reports for the latest news. 


In conclusion, the Spanish mango season is shaping up to be interesting, with many factors contributing to its success. The weather’s impact on production plays a critical role, and this year has shown signs of a potentially early start. Warm and sunny conditions in the spring have created favorable growing environments, hinting at a plentiful harvest and perhaps a quicker arrival of mangoes on the market. 

However, the unpredictability of weather patterns remains a concern. While a mild spring can lead to an early and bountiful season, sudden changes like unexpected frosts or heavy rains can alter the course of production. Farmers must be adaptable, using their experience and knowledge to mitigate risks and ensure a high-quality crop. 

Market trends also influence the season’s outlook. With increasing demand for Spanish mangoes, there’s pressure to meet expectations, which could motivate growers to start harvesting sooner. It’s a balancing act, where the need to satisfy the market is weighed against ensuring the fruit’s peak quality. 

Overall, if the favorable conditions persist, Spanish mango enthusiasts can look forward to a great season. To stay updated on the latest developments, keep an eye on weather forecasts and market reports. With any luck, you’ll be enjoying delicious Spanish mangoes in no time. 

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International Trade & Commerce




Photo by Townsend Walton:

In recent news, transit times to Brazil have experienced a significant increase from 9 to 17 days. This is causing a disruption in the arrival of certain plum varieties. This delay has resulted in challenges for suppliers and consumers alike.

The plum season has started in Extremadura, Spain, with fewer kilograms than anticipated. While the peach and nectarine campaigns are nearing their conclusion. The mid-season and late types eventually produced results that were comparable. Contrary to our initial expectations that only the May and June kinds would experience a decrease in production.

We believed that the early and extra-early kinds has escape damage when we were attacked by frosts in April, but as time went on, it became apparent that the rest had also been harmed. There are kinds with up to 30–50% productivity losses, and it has been evident during the entire campaign. Prices have increased due to the decrease in production in Spain’s (by far) primary plum-producing region. Even if this might be exactly what we need, there are alternative origins that can supply the European market, both inside and outside the EU, therefore the market isn’t always willing to absorb such increases.

Plums from Turkey, Hungary, or Romania can also be found in Germany, the Netherlands, and all of the Nordic nations. These marketplaces are not our primary ones since consumers from those nations prioritize buying their own items on these other markets. If there was overlap with those competitors in regions where we supply our different plum varieties and in which we are extremely well-established, such as the nations of Eastern Europe, where this year we are observing a decline in our plum sales owing to the conflict in Ukraine, that would be an issue.

Impact on Plum Suppliers

The extended transit times have posed a major setback for plum suppliers who rely on timely deliveries to meet consumer demand. With the delay in transportation, suppliers are struggling to maintain a steady supply of plum varieties, leading to potential financial losses. In Brazil on August 29, 2023, the transit times for plum supplies experienced a notable increase from 9 to 17 days. This delay has had a significant impact on the availability of plum in the country. Plum suppliers are facing challenges in meeting consumer demand due to the prolonged transportation process. The extended transit times have led to a shortage of certain plum varieties, causing disruptions in local markets and affecting consumers who rely on these fruits. Efforts are being made to find alternative transportation routes and streamline logistics processes to mitigate the impact on plum supplies in Brazil.

Fruit Shortage in Brazil

As a consequence of the prolonged transit times, Brazil is experiencing a shortage of certain plum varieties. This scarcity has affected local markets and consumers who rely on these fruits for various purposes. Including culinary uses and nutritional benefits. Brazil experienced a fruit shortage due to various factors. The prolonged transit times for plum supplies, as well as other fruits, contributed to this scarcity. The delays in transportation disrupted the timely arrival of fruits. Leading to a limited availability of certain varieties in local markets. This shortage affected consumers who rely on fruits for their culinary needs and nutritional benefits. The fruit shortage prompted consumers to explore alternative options or substitute with other fruits. Efforts are being made to address the logistics challenges and find solutions to ensure a steady supply of fruits in Brazil.

Increased Costs and Logistics Challenges

The longer transit times have also resulted in increased costs and logistical challenges for both suppliers and transport companies. The additional time required for transportation has led to higher shipping expenses, impacting the overall profitability of the plum industry. Brazil faced increased costs of plum varieties and logistics challenges that impacted various industries. The prolonged transit times and disruptions in the supply chain led to higher transportation costs, as companies had to find alternative routes or modes of transportation. Additionally, the logistics challenges posed hurdles in delivering goods on time, resulting in delays and inefficiencies. These increased costs and logistical difficulties affected businesses across sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, and retail. Efforts were made to streamline processes, optimize routes. And find innovative solutions to mitigate the impact and restore smoother operations in Brazil.

Search for Alternative Transportation Routes

In response to the transit delays, suppliers and transport companies are actively seeking alternative transportation routes to expedite the delivery process. Exploring new routes and logistics strategies is crucial to minimize the impact on plum variety availability. Brazil embarked on a search for alternative transportation routes to address the challenges faced in the fruit supply chain. The prolonged transit times and disruptions in logistics prompted the need for innovative solutions. Efforts were made to identify alternative routes that could expedite the transportation of fruits and reduce delays. This involved exploring different modes of transportation. Such as air freight or alternative road networks, to ensure a smoother flow of goods. The goal was to optimize the supply chain and minimize the impact of transportation issues on the availability of fruits in local markets.

Consumer Adaptation

Consumers in Brazil are adapting to the shortage of certain plum varieties by exploring alternative options or substituting with other fruits. This flexibility in consumer behavior helps mitigate the impact of transit delays on their daily routines and dietary preferences.

Collaboration and Solutions

To address the challenges posed by the extended transit times. Stakeholders in the plum industry are collaborating to find viable solutions. This includes working closely with transportation companies, exploring technological advancements, and streamlining supply chain processes. Various stakeholders, including government agencies, businesses, and industry associations, came together to address the increased costs and logistics challenges. Collaborative initiatives are launch to streamline processes, optimize transportation routes, and improve the efficiency of the supply chain. This involved sharing best practices, leveraging technology, and exploring innovative solutions for the growth of different plum varieties. The aim was to find sustainable and long-term solutions that would not only mitigate the immediate impact. But also strengthen the resilience of the logistics infrastructure in Brazil. Through collaboration, progress was made towards overcoming the challenges and ensuring smoother operations in the future.

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International Trade & Commerce

Russian Banana Sales Decline: Understanding Market Dynamics 

Explore the factors contributing to the notable decrease in banana sales in Russia during the year 2024. Gain insights into shifting consumer trends and market dynamics. 



Russian Banana |

Explore the factors contributing to the notable decrease in banana sales in Russia during the year 2024. Gain insights into shifting consumer trends and market dynamics. 


In 2024, the Russian banana market experienced a notable decline in sales, prompting an investigation into the underlying factors driving this downturn. Several key dynamics are likely at play in this shift. Firstly, economic fluctuations and currency devaluation may have impacted consumers’ purchasing power, leading to reduced spending on non-essential items like imported fruits. Additionally, changes in trade policies or geopolitical tensions could have disrupted supply chains, resulting in decreased availability or increased prices of bananas in the Russian market. 

Moreover, evolving consumer preferences and health consciousness may have influenced purchasing decisions. As consumers become more health-conscious, they may opt for locally grown or organic fruits over imported varieties like bananas. Furthermore, shifts in lifestyle patterns, such as increased focus on convenience or preference for alternative snacks, could have diverted consumer spending away from bananas. 

By gaining insights into these factors from Fruits Auction BV, stakeholders can adapt their strategies to address changing consumer needs and navigate the evolving landscape of the Russian banana market.  

Russian Banana Sales  

The Russian banana market has witnessed a downturn in sales in 2024, characterized by a notable decline in consumer demand. This decline in sales can be attributed to various factors influencing the market dynamics. Economic instability, including fluctuations in currency valuation and income levels, has likely contributed to the reduced purchasing power of consumers, leading to a decline in spending on imported fruits like bananas. Moreover, trade tensions or policy changes may have disrupted the supply chain, caused logistical challenges and potentially driving up prices, further dampening consumer interest. 

Furthermore, changing consumer preferences and behaviors have played a significant role in the sales decline. There’s a growing trend towards health-conscious consumption, with consumers increasingly favoring locally sourced or organic produce over imported fruits. This shift reflects a broader societal emphasis on wellness and sustainability. Additionally, the emergence of alternative snack options and changing lifestyle patterns, such as increased emphasis on convenience, has diverted consumer spending away from traditional fruit choices like bananas. 

To address the sales decline in the Russian banana market, stakeholders must closely monitor and adapt to these evolving market dynamics. Strategies focused on product innovation, pricing adjustments, supply chain optimization, and targeted marketing efforts can help mitigate the impact of these challenges and regain consumer confidence in banana consumption. 

Russian Banana Market Dynamics   

The dynamics of the Russian banana market are influenced by various factors, including shifting consumer trends. Consumer trends play a pivotal role in shaping purchasing behavior and market demand. In recent years, there has been a noticeable shift towards healthier eating habits and increased awareness of sustainability and environmental impact.  

As a result, consumers in Russia are increasingly seeking out locally sourced or organic produce, favoring them over imported fruits like bananas. This preference for healthier and more sustainable options reflects broader societal changes and influences purchasing decisions in the banana market.  

To adapt to these evolving consumer trends, stakeholders in the banana industry need to innovate their products, emphasize sustainability in their supply chains, and implement targeted marketing strategies that resonate with health-conscious consumers. By aligning with consumer trends, companies can better navigate the dynamic landscape of the Russian banana market. 


In conclusion, the decline in banana sales in the Russian market during 2024 can be attributed to a combination of economic factors, supply chain disruptions, and shifting consumer trends. Economic instability, including currency devaluation and fluctuating income levels, has impacted consumers’ purchasing power, leading to reduced spending on imported fruits like bananas. Additionally, trade tensions and policy changes have introduced uncertainties in the supply chain, affecting availability and prices of bananas. 

Moreover, changing consumer preferences towards healthier and more sustainable options have influenced purchasing behavior, with consumers increasingly opting for locally sourced or organic produce over imported fruits. This trend reflects a broader societal shift towards health-conscious consumption and environmental awareness. 

To address the challenges posed by these market dynamics, stakeholders in the banana industry need to adopt proactive strategies. This may include diversifying product offerings, optimizing supply chains for efficiency and resilience, and engaging in targeted marketing campaigns that resonate with health-conscious consumers. 

By understanding and responding to the interplay of economic, logistical, and consumer-driven factors, stakeholders can navigate the evolving landscape of the Russian banana market and position themselves for sustainable growth in the future. 

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