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A consignment of 2023 Egyptian onions arrives in Georgia’s wholesale markets, but struggles to sell due to high pricing compared to other available options. Prices have stabilized at 70 cents per kg following the removal of export restrictions from Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. However, the smaller size of Egyptian onions may be a disadvantage in the local market, while new crop onions from Azerbaijan, Iran, and Egypt will not enter the market until early May



A consignment of Egyptian onions grown in 2023, according to EastFruit, has arrived in Georgia’s wholesale markets, but sales are struggling because they are being sold at 90 US cents per kg while other onions are available at a lesser price.

Prices in Georgia peaked at 0.91 US cents per kg on February 17, 2023, before declining and stabilizing at 70 cents per kg over the last three weeks. This stabilization was attributed to the removal of export restrictions on onions from Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan.

Market participants note that Egyptian onions have a disadvantage due to their smaller size, which does not meet the local market’s caliber requirements. However, importers anticipate selling the whole batch as new crop onions from Azerbaijan, Iran, and Egypt are not expected until early May. Nonetheless, onion harvesting has begun in southern Uzbekistan, but these onions will not reach Georgia before the end of April 2023.

Despite this, there is still an abundance of new crop onions in Central Asia, particularly in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan, which are being actively exported. Furthermore, onion prices in Uzbekistan are significantly lower than in Georgia.


Feature Picture Source: Photo by Arina Krasnikova:

5 April 2023

International Trade & Commerce

South African Avocado Exports Victory Ban to Japan Officially Lifted 

Celebrate the success of South African avocado exports as the ban to Japan is officially lifted, opening new opportunities for the avocado industry. 



South African avocado exports |


The lifting of the ban on South African avocado exports to Japan marks a significant victory for the country’s agricultural sector and heralds a new era of opportunities for avocado producers. After years of stringent restrictions, Japan has officially opened its doors to South African avocados, unleashing a wave of optimism and economic potential. 

This triumph is not merely a regulatory change; it symbolizes the culmination of persistent efforts by both governments and industry stakeholders to address phytosanitary concerns and establish mutually beneficial trade relations. For South Africa, renowned for its high-quality avocados, this breakthrough represents validation of its rigorous agricultural practices and adherence to international standards. 

The timing of this development couldn’t be more opportune, as global demand for avocados continues to soar, fueled by growing consumer awareness of their health benefits and culinary versatility. With Japan being one of the world’s largest importers of avocados, this newfound access to its market promises to bolster South Africa’s position as a leading avocado exporter and diversify its export destinations. 

Moreover, beyond the economic gains, the lifting of the ban underscores the power of diplomacy and collaboration in resolving trade barriers and fostering goodwill between nations. It exemplifies how dialogue and cooperation can yield tangible outcomes, benefiting not only businesses but also enhancing bilateral relations. 

In the following paragraphs, we discuss the implications of this milestone for South Africa’s avocado industry, examining the potential market impact, challenges ahead, and strategies for maximizing this newfound opportunity. 

South African Avocado Export  

The recent lifting of the ban on South African avocado exports to Japan represents a significant triumph for the nation’s agricultural sector. After years of negotiations and efforts to meet stringent phytosanitary requirements, South Africa has gained access to one of the world’s largest avocado markets, opening new avenues for growth and economic prosperity. 

This victory is a testament to the resilience and commitment of South Africa’s avocado industry, which has long sought to expand its reach beyond traditional markets. With Japan’s reputation for discerning consumers and high demand for premium agricultural products, the potential for South African avocados to thrive in this market is immense. 

Not only does this development present immediate opportunities for increased export revenue, but it also positions South Africa as a reliable supplier of top-quality avocados on the global stage. By demonstrating compliance with international standards and overcoming regulatory hurdles, the country has reinforced its reputation as a trusted partner in the global trade community. 

Looking ahead, South Africa’s avocado growers and exporters must capitalize on this newfound access to the Japanese market by ensuring consistent quality, competitive pricing, and reliable supply chains. Additionally, efforts to promote South African avocados’ unique attributes and flavors will be crucial in capturing the attention of Japanese consumers and establishing a strong foothold in this competitive landscape. 

Overall, the lifting of the ban represents not only a win for South Africa’s avocado industry but also a testament to the power of persistence, collaboration, and innovation in driving agricultural trade and economic development. 

Why was the South African Avocado Export Ban Lifted?  

The lifting of the export ban on South African avocados to Japan was primarily driven by a concerted effort to address phytosanitary concerns and meet the stringent requirements set by Japanese authorities. Phytosanitary measures are crucial for preventing the spread of pests and diseases that could potentially harm agricultural crops in importing countries. 

South Africa embarked on a rigorous process to demonstrate its compliance with Japan’s strict phytosanitary standards, which involved extensive inspections, testing, and collaboration between government agencies, agricultural experts, and industry stakeholders. These efforts aimed to ensure that South African avocados met Japan’s criteria for pest and disease-free produce, thereby mitigating any risks associated with the importation of agricultural products. 

Additionally, diplomatic negotiations played a significant role in facilitating the lifting of the export ban. Through diplomatic channels, South Africa and Japan engaged in dialogue to address any concerns and build mutual trust regarding the safety and quality of South African avocados. This diplomatic exchange helped pave the way for the removal of trade barriers and the establishment of a framework for sustainable avocado exports between the two countries. 

Ultimately, the lifting of the export ban reflects a collaborative approach to international trade, where adherence to regulations, diplomatic engagement, and shared interests converge to unlock new opportunities and foster economic growth. 

Japan and South African Avocado Exports Industry Update 

As of the latest update, the avocado industry in both Japan and South Africa continues to experience significant developments. In Japan, the demand for avocados remains robust, driven by increasing consumer awareness of their health benefits and culinary versatility. The market continues to attract a variety of avocado suppliers from around the world, including South Africa, which has recently gained access to this lucrative market following the lifting of the export ban. 

South Africa, renowned for its high-quality avocados, is poised to capitalize on this opportunity to expand its avocado exports to Japan. The country’s growers and exporters are focusing on maintaining consistent quality, competitive pricing, and reliable supply chains to meet the demands of Japanese consumers. Additionally, efforts to promote South African avocados’ unique attributes and flavors are underway to differentiate them in the Japanese market. 

Both governments are also collaborating closely to ensure the smooth flow of avocado trade between the two countries. This includes ongoing dialogue to address any regulatory issues and enhance bilateral cooperation in agriculture and trade. Overall, the outlook for the avocado industry in Japan and South Africa remains positive, with the potential for further growth and collaboration in the coming years. 


In conclusion, the recent developments in the avocado industry between Japan and South Africa mark a significant milestone in bilateral trade relations and agricultural cooperation. The lifting of the export ban on South African avocados to Japan represents not only a triumph for the South African avocado industry but also a testament to the power of diplomacy, collaboration, and adherence to phytosanitary standards. 

With South Africa gaining access to one of the world’s largest avocado markets, both countries stand to benefit economically from increased trade opportunities and market diversification. Japanese consumers, renowned for their discerning taste and appreciation for quality produce, now have access to South Africa’s renowned high-quality avocados, further enriching their culinary experiences. 

Looking ahead, it is imperative for both nations to continue working closely together to ensure the smooth and sustainable flow of avocado trade. This entails maintaining rigorous standards of quality and safety, fostering transparent communication channels, and addressing any challenges that may arise promptly. 

Moreover, the success of the avocado trade between Japan and South Africa serves as a model for international cooperation in agricultural trade, demonstrating how mutual respect, collaboration, and adherence to regulatory standards can lead to mutually beneficial outcomes for all parties involved. 

As the avocado industry continues to evolve and grow, the partnership between Japan and South Africa holds promise for further innovation, investment, and prosperity in the global agricultural landscape. 

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International Trade & Commerce

Ecuadorian Bananas Eye China Entry: A Strategic Move Unfolds 

Witness the preparations as Ecuadorian bananas gear up to make a mark in the Chinese market, exploring the potential impact on global banana trade.



Ecuadorian bananas |


Ecuadorian bananas are poised for a significant strategic move as they set their sights on entering the Chinese market. This pivotal decision marks a notable shift in the global banana trade landscape, with potential far-reaching implications. As the world’s largest producer of bananas, Ecuador is strategically positioning itself to tap into the vast consumer base in China. 

The preparations for this market entry are underway, showcasing the careful planning and meticulous execution involved in such a venture. Ecuador, renowned for its high-quality bananas, aims to carve a distinctive space in the competitive Chinese market. The move is not merely about expanding market reach; it signifies a proactive approach to diversify and strengthen the global trade dynamics surrounding this ubiquitous tropical fruit. 

This strategic maneuver reflects the dynamism of international trade and highlights Ecuador’s commitment to adapt and thrive in a rapidly evolving economic landscape. As the story unfolds, the eyes of the global trade community are keenly watching the potential ripple effects on the banana industry and, by extension, the broader agricultural and economic sectors.  

The journey of Ecuadorian bananas into China serves as a compelling narrative of strategic foresight and adaptability in the pursuit of new opportunities on the global stage. 

Ecuadorian Bananas 

Ecuadorian bananas, often hailed as the gold standard in the global banana trade, have a rich and storied origin deeply intertwined with the lush landscapes and vibrant culture of Ecuador. Nestled within the equatorial region of South America, Ecuador boasts a unique combination of fertile soil, favorable climate, and skilled agricultural practices, making it an ideal haven for banana cultivation. 

Dating back to the late 19th century, the commercial cultivation of bananas gained momentum in Ecuador, propelled by the vision and entrepreneurial spirit of local farmers and traders. Over time, Ecuador emerged as a dominant force in the global banana market, owing to its commitment to quality, innovation, and sustainability. 

The geographical diversity within Ecuador, ranging from coastal plains to highland regions, allows for the cultivation of various banana varieties, each with its distinct flavor profile and characteristics. From the iconic Cavendish bananas to the lesser known but equally prized varieties like the red bananas, Ecuadorian growers harness this diversity to cater to diverse consumer preferences worldwide. 

Beyond its natural bounty, the success of Ecuadorian bananas also stems from a robust infrastructure for cultivation, harvesting, and export, supported by extensive networks of growers, cooperatives, and exporters. This intricate ecosystem ensures that Ecuadorian bananas reach global markets with unparalleled freshness and quality, earning them a reputation as the preferred choice among consumers and traders alike. Today, as Ecuadorian bananas embark on their journey to conquer the Chinese market, they carry with them not just some fruit, but a legacy of excellence, sustainability, and tradition rooted in the vibrant tapestry of Ecuadorian agriculture. 

Ecuadorian Bananas and the China Market Entry  

The entry of Ecuadorian bananas into the Chinese market marks a strategic maneuver with profound implications for both parties involved. For Ecuador, renowned as the world’s largest exporter of bananas, penetrating the vast and dynamic Chinese market represents a significant opportunity for expansion and growth. With its reputation for producing high-quality bananas coupled with strategic planning and execution, Ecuador is poised to capitalize on the burgeoning demand for fresh fruit in China. 

On the other hand, for China, the arrival of Ecuadorian bananas presents an opportunity to diversify its sources of supply and meet the increasing consumer demand for premium tropical fruits. Ecuadorian bananas are expected to resonate well with Chinese consumers who value quality, freshness, and health benefits, thereby contributing to the diversification and enrichment of the fruit offerings available in the Chinese market. 

The successful entry of Ecuadorian bananas into China requires navigating various challenges, including logistical considerations, regulatory compliance, and cultural nuances. However, with careful planning, collaboration, and market insights, both Ecuador and China stand to benefit from this strategic partnership, fostering mutual economic growth and strengthening bilateral trade relations. As Ecuadorian bananas make their mark in the Chinese market, they symbolize not only a fruitful exchange of goods but also a testament to the power of international cooperation and market innovation in driving global trade forward. 

Global Ecuadorian Bananas Trade 

The global trade in Ecuadorian bananas constitutes a vital segment of the international fruit market, underpinning economies, shaping agricultural landscapes, and satisfying consumer demand worldwide. Ecuador, acclaimed as the leading exporter of bananas globally, commands a substantial share of the global market, supplying countries across continents with its renowned fruit. 

Central to Ecuador’s dominance in the banana trade is its strategic cultivation practices, leveraging the country’s diverse microclimates and fertile soils to produce a wide variety of bananas year-round. This abundance allows Ecuador to meet the varying preferences of consumers worldwide, from the familiar Cavendish variety to specialty bananas like the red or baby bananas. 

The trade in Ecuadorian bananas is facilitated by a robust infrastructure encompassing cultivation, harvesting, packing, and transportation. A network of growers, cooperatives, and exporters collaborates seamlessly to ensure the timely delivery of fresh bananas to international markets, maintaining Ecuador’s reputation for quality and reliability. 

Moreover, Ecuador’s engagement in the global banana trade extends beyond mere commercial transactions, as it actively participates in trade agreements, adheres to international standards, and promotes sustainable practices. As a result, Ecuadorian bananas serve not only as a symbol of economic prosperity but also as a testament to the country’s commitment to responsible stewardship of its natural resources and the well-being of its people. In essence, the global trade in Ecuadorian bananas exemplifies the intricate interplay of commerce, culture, and sustainability in the modern agricultural landscape. 


In conclusion, the entry of Ecuadorian bananas into the Chinese market signifies a pivotal moment in the evolution of global fruit trade dynamics. With Ecuador’s reputation as a leading exporter of bananas and China’s burgeoning demand for premium fruits, this strategic move holds immense promise for both parties involved. Ecuador’s rich agricultural heritage, coupled with its commitment to quality and sustainability, positions its bananas as a sought-after commodity in the competitive Chinese market. 

As Ecuadorian bananas embark on their journey into China, they symbolize not only a lucrative business opportunity but also a bridge connecting diverse cultures and economies. The success of this venture hinges on effective collaboration, innovative market strategies, and a deep understanding of consumer preferences. Moreover, it underscores the transformative power of international trade in driving economic growth, fostering cross-cultural exchanges, and promoting global prosperity. 

Looking ahead, the entry of Ecuadorian bananas into the Chinese market is poised to catalyze further developments in the global fruit trade landscape. Fueling innovation, competition, and cooperation among stakeholders. As Ecuador and China navigate the complexities of market entry and adaptation. They pave the way for a more interconnected and resilient agricultural sector that benefits producers, consumers, and communities worldwide. Ultimately, the journey of Ecuadorian bananas into China is not merely about selling a product but forging enduring partnerships and shaping the future of global trade. 

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International Trade & Commerce

Ukraine’s Apple Price Surge: Breaking Historical Records,  

Explore the remarkable surge in Ukraine’s apple prices, setting new historical records. Uncover the factors behind this sharp increase and its impact on the market.



Ukraine’s apple |


Ukraine’s apple market is experiencing an unprecedented surge, with prices skyrocketing to historical highs. This sudden and dramatic increase has sent shockwaves through the industry, prompting analysts to delve deeper into its underlying causes and potential ramifications. The surge in apple prices is particularly remarkable given Ukraine’s status as one of Europe’s major apple producers. Typically known for its abundant apple harvests, the country now finds itself grappling with a situation where prices have broken previous records, surpassing all expectations. 

Several factors contribute to this surge. Firstly, adverse weather conditions, such as unseasonable frosts or droughts, can significantly impact apple production, leading to reduced supply and subsequently driving prices upwards. Additionally, fluctuations in demand, whether due to shifting consumer preferences or changes in export markets, can further exacerbate price volatility. Political and economic instability, both domestically and internationally, may also play a role influencing market sentiment and investment patterns. 

The implications of this price surge are far-reaching, affecting various stakeholders within the apple industry. Producers may benefit from higher revenues in the short term but could face challenges in maintaining competitiveness if prices remain elevated for an extended period. Consumers, on the other hand, may experience increased financial strain as the cost of apples rises, potentially altering consumption patterns or leading to inflationary pressures in the broader economy. 

In this context, understanding the dynamics driving Ukraine’s apple price surge is crucial for industry players, policymakers, and consumers alike. By analyzing the root causes of this phenomenon and its broader impact on the market, stakeholders can better navigate the challenges and opportunities presented by this unprecedented situation. 

Ukraine’s Apple  

The origin of Ukraine’s apple cultivation can be traced back centuries, with the country boasting a rich agricultural heritage deeply intertwined with its cultural and historical identity. Apples are believed to have been cultivated in the region since ancient times, with indigenous varieties adapting to the diverse climates and soils found throughout Ukraine. 

During the 19th and 20th centuries, Ukraine’s apple industry underwent significant development, spurred by advancements in agricultural techniques and the expansion of orchard cultivation. Favorable growing conditions, including fertile soils, ample sunlight, and sufficient water resources, contributed to the proliferation of apple orchards across the country. 

Following Ukraine’s independence in 1991, the apple industry experienced both challenges and opportunities amid the transition to a market-oriented economy. While some orchards faced difficulties due to economic instability and changing market dynamics, others capitalized on new opportunities for trade and investment, modernizing production methods and expanding export markets. 

Today, Ukraine ranks among Europe’s leading apple producers, with vast orchards spanning the country’s diverse agricultural regions. The industry continues to evolve, driven by innovation, technological advancements, and a commitment to quality, positioning Ukraine as a key player in the global apple market. 

Ukraine’s Apple Prices 

Ukraine’s apple prices have surged to unprecedented levels, capturing the attention of both domestic and international markets. This surge, breaking historical records, has been fueled by a confluence of factors affecting both supply and demand dynamics within the apple industry. 

On the supply side, adverse weather conditions have played a significant role in disrupting apple production. Unseasonable frosts, droughts, or other weather-related events have led to reduced harvests in key apple-growing regions of Ukraine, limiting the availability of fresh apples in the market. Additionally, logistical challenges, such as transportation disruptions or labor shortages, may have further constrained the supply chain, exacerbating price pressures. 

Meanwhile, on the demand side, shifting consumer preferences and changes in export markets have contributed to increased competition for Ukrainian apples. Rising demand from both domestic consumers and international buyers, coupled with limited supply, has driven prices upwards as market participants vie for available stocks. 

The impact of surging apple prices extends beyond the agricultural sector, influencing broader economic trends and consumer behavior. Higher apple prices can contribute to inflationary pressures, affecting the cost of living for consumers. And potentially influencing monetary policy decisions. Additionally, businesses reliant on apples as input materials may face higher production costs, leading to downstream effects across various industries. 

Overall, Ukraine’s apple price surge reflects the complex interplay of supply and demand dynamics within the global marketplace. Highlighting the resilience and adaptability of the agricultural sector amidst evolving challenges and opportunities. 


In conclusion, Ukraine’s apple market has experienced a remarkable surge in prices. Setting new historical records and reshaping the landscape of the industry. This surge, driven by a combination of factors including adverse weather conditions, shifting consumer preferences, and logistical challenges. This underscores the inherent volatility and complexity of agricultural markets. 

Looking ahead, the implications of this price surge are manifold. For apple producers, the higher prices may provide short-term financial gains but also pose challenges in maintaining competitiveness and managing production costs. Consumers, meanwhile, may face increased financial strain as the cost of apples rises, potentially altering consumption patterns and impacting overall inflation levels. 

Moreover, the broader economic ramifications of surging apple prices cannot be overlooked. Inflationary pressures, driven in part by rising food costs, may influence monetary policy decisions and shape macroeconomic trends. Businesses across various sectors reliant on apples as input materials may also feel the ripple effects of higher prices. Necessitating strategic adjustments to mitigate potential disruptions. 

In this dynamic and evolving landscape, stakeholders must remain vigilant and adaptive. Leveraging insights from the current market environment to inform future decision-making. By fostering resilience, innovation, and collaboration. Ukraine’s apple industry can navigate the challenges posed by price surges and emerge stronger and more resilient in the face of future uncertainties. 

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